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Oh the culinary joys of spring! Along with foraged mushrooms and tender salad greens come fiddlehead ferns. We found some at the Farmer’s Market last Saturday and I scooped up about a quarter pound, plus eight  plump, freshly foraged morel mushrooms.

Fresh fiddleheads

Last night I made a simple soup using two tablespoons of white miso, the rinsed fiddleheads and sliced morels, two cloves of crushed garlic, and a quarter-inch thick slice of fresh ginger that I diced finely. I threw all the ingredients into a small saucepan with about two cups of water and set the brew over medium-low heat for about half an hour. I didn’t even let the broth come to a simmer, keeping it at 150-155 degrees F. The vendor who sold me the fiddleheads and mushrooms said that if you cook the curled spring vegetables at too high of heat for too long they turn bitter. After 30 minutes of being gently warmed, the fiddleheads were still crunchy but cooked, and the morels were tender.

Spring soup of fiddleheads and morels

Anyhoo, the flavor of fiddleheads can be compared to asparagus. Their appearance resembles the scrolled end of a violin or fiddle. You’ll find they contain fiber, iron, potassium, omega-3s and omega-6s. If you can find them during their brief two-to-three-week growing season in the spring, do give them a try.

I knew there was something stranger looking than Kohlrabi–Fiddlehead Ferns! According to Wikipedia, fiddlehead ferns are the furled fronds of a young fern and are harvested for use as a vegetable. Left on the plant, each fiddlehead would unroll into a new frond (a leaf).

Check out the article where I found this image. Good info on Fiddleheads, and a nice blog.

And, according to the farmer at the Farmer’s Market, they can only be picked for 2 weeks….a short season, and not easy work.

I woke up at 2am thinking about this post and what I would do with my fiddlehead ferns:

Option 1: Heat a little butter and garlic in a pan, then sauté the fiddleheads for 30-45 seconds. This was a suggested preparation from the folks at the Farmer’s Market.

Option 2: Do something fancier, à la Emeril Lagasse: Fiddlehead Ferns and Angel Hair Pasta

Option 3: Since it’s now 3am, decide that something as crazy sounding as a fiddlehead fern deserves its own tongue twister

Fiona forages for flavorful forest fiddlehead ferns

Fiona forages for flavorful forest fiddlehead ferns

Fiona forages for flavorful forest fiddlehead ferns

Luckily,  I really liked option 3 because this evening, when I went to experiment with my fiddleheads, they were shoved to the back of my refrigerator and had iced over.

On the bright side, I went to my garden and was able to harvest an entire salad bowl of fresh greens. My first success of the gardening season!

First salad!

And, I’m hoping the fiddlehead ferns are still around this coming Saturday at the Farmer’s Market…I’m dying to try them WHILE reciting my Fiona forages for fiddlehead ferns tongue twister.

First planted

 

Salad Garden June 7

“They make the best pasta,” I overheard the tall, middle aged man say convincingly as we casually wandered toward the Ferranti pasta stall at the Capitol City Farmer’s Market. The bearded shopper’s earnest words invisibly tugged my ear and led me to a table where samples of plump ravioli and spirals of green and white pasta were displayed.

Soon we were chatting amiably with the proprietress, who makes her pasta from scratch every Friday night for the Saturday morning market. “I could talk for hours about flour,” she said as she talked about the three different grades of semolina. Made from the endosperm of durum wheat, the first milling is the coarsest and contains the most nutrients. This first grade semolina flour is used to make Ferranti’s fresh pasta.

Also for sale were eight-ounce tubs of chunky tomato-basil sauce, so I bought one along with a one-pound bag of Plain and Spinach Radiatori. At home I noted the brief list of ingredients on the pasta package: 100% durum semolina, fresh eggs, water, and dehydrated spinach.

Susan and I also selected freshly picked, spray-less spinach from AC&D Farms in New Plymouth for our weekly market basket.

Ingredients from the farmer's market

To the pasta, tomato sauce and spinach I added a small slab of Idaho Jersey Dream Feta Style Farmstead Cheese from Ballard Family Dairy in Gooding, a handful of salty Sicilian style green olives from Winco, and half a bunch of farm-fresh asparagus in order to make a simple, wholesome pasta salad for dinner. It took about 25 minutes to put together, and I barely had time to take photos before the entire dish was devoured by my husband and two grown sons.

Farmer’s Market Pasta Salad

Devoured in minutes

Serves 4

1/2 cup Sicilian style olives

1/3 pound feta cheese

16 oz. fresh pasta

3 big handfuls of spinach leaves

8 leaves fresh basil, cut chiffonade

8 oz. tomato sauce

Bring a large pot of water to boil.

While the water is heating, chop the olives and cut the feta into small cubes. Place them in a large, shallow pasta serving bowl. Wash the spinach; drain. Slice spinach leaves into strips and add to serving bowl. Wash and snap asparagus; cut into ½-inch long pieces.

When the water boils, add pasta and asparagus to the pot. Cook 3-4 minutes or until pasta is al dente. Drain; pour hot pasta and asparagus over feta, olives and spinach. Top with tomato sauce and toss. Garnish with basil chiffonade.

Rosemary ... Saffron Threads ... Sage

There wasn’t any springtime produce for sale yet at the Eagle Farmer’s Market when Susan and I shopped after a recent Saturday morning workout. I’d been hankering all week for fresh greens and I was secretly bummed as we nodded appreciatively at the handiwork of several artists and craftsmen on display in many of the stalls. We spied a few local producers of eggs, meat and sausage, and stopped to talk gardening with a couple of growers who offered young starts of cold-weather greens and herbs.

Set smack in the middle of it all was a well-stocked display of locally dried spices from Starlight Herb Company.

Scanning the rows and rows of small spice jars, tiny pods of star anise beckoned alluringly, while the exotic possibilities of garam masala tempted. Numerous dried herbs, hand-crafted dry rubs and sausage seasoning blends teased the culinary imagination.

Then, we both eyed the saffron and smiled at the price: Six dollars for half a gram of rusty red colored crocus stigma. Susan is a seasoned paella pro while, although I have tasted saffron-infused dishes many times, not once have I ever cooked with the costliest spice on earth. I relished the idea of doing some homework and finding out how to use it.

Scanning the internet for suggestions I came across recipes for simple rice dishes and tasty-sounding sauces, as well as more complicated paellas and bouillabaisses. Not wanting to ruin my first attempt at cooking with saffron, I opted to prepare a fairly simple dish and forgo the risk of making a costly mistake involving a stock pot full of seafood.

I found just what I was looking for on the Chicago Sun-Times Web site: a recipe for saffron-scented quinoa pilaf, which I modified in order to use the vegetable broth, mushrooms and ground cumin I had on hand. I also discovered an informative article about the spice on gourmetsleuth.com.

Although I was initially disappointed in the lack of spring produce at the farmer’s market, it ultimately sent me in an unexpected, yet flavorful, direction. As a bonus, my husband, who normally balks at eating quinoa, enjoyed this saffron-infused dish.

Saffron-scented Quinoa Pilaf

Saffron-scented Quinoa Pilaf

(Adapted from “Saffron-scented Quinoa Pilaf” by David Rosengarten, Chicago Sun-Times)

Makes 6 servings

¾ tsp (.5 gram) saffron threads

1 2/3 cups chicken or vegetable broth

1 cup uncooked quinoa

1 TBL olive oil

1 cup minced onion

2 tsp minced garlic

½ tsp ground cumin

1 cup chopped brown mushrooms

1 bay leaf

Salt (to taste)

3 TBL minced cilantro leaves

2 TBL butter (optional), at room temperature

Place saffron threads in hot chicken or vegetable broth and let steep for 10 minutes.

Rinse quinoa under cold running water; drain well.

Place olive oil in a medium saucepan over medium heat and add minced onion. Cook until onion is soft, about 5 minutes. Add quinoa, garlic and cumin; cook, stirring for 1 minute.

Add reserved saffron-broth mixture, mushrooms and bay leaf. Adjust seasoning by adding salt, if desired. Bring liquid to a boil, reduce to simmer, cover and cook 20 minutes.

Remove pan from heat and let stand, covered, for 5 minutes. Stir in cilantro and, if desired, butter. Serve immediately.

Shopping among the many vendors at the Capitol City Farmer’s Market recently I discovered a new spring flavor: green garlic.

Green garlic

Looking like a fat scallion, green garlic is a young garlic plant that has been removed from the ground as the farmer thins out his rows, making room for the maturing plants that remain in the soil.

Green garlic has a pungent flavor that is not as sharp as a clove of raw garlic, but it isn’t as mild as a green onion, either. I sliced thinly the white part of two stalks, then added them to a scramble of sautéed beet greens and backyard chicken eggs. Surprised was I by the immature garlic’s hot bite.

For an interesting write-up about the plant, read this article at TBD.com.

Thanks to my local farmer’s market I have become more aware of the seasons. Moving beyond the knowledge that daffodils open in the spring and trees drop their leaves in autumn, my awareness has expanded to which herbs and vegetables are available locally during the first of the three growing seasons we have here in the Northwest.

Locally grown asparagus

Last Saturday the tables at the Capitol City Farmer’s Market in downtown Boise were brimming with lush heads of leaf lettuce in contrasting shades of vibrant green and deep purple, trays of shallow water holding upright bundles of asparagus, and colorful clusters of bright red radishes.

I brought home one of those bundles of ripe asparagus. The stuff grows like a weed in this area and I have been told by more than one local that before the construction boom two decades ago, the plant used to thrive in springtime along the many open ditch banks around town. Anyone with a sharp eye and a sharp knife could cut stalks for free and have them with dinner. I incorporated the bundle I bought at the farmer’s market into spring rolls stuffed with smoked trout, mint and basil. They are especially tasty dipped into a Thai vinaigrette made with salty fish sauce, minced jalapeno, and tart lime juice sweetened with a little sugar.

Asparagus and Salmon Spring Rolls

From Eating Well magazine, March/April 2011, p. 71

Asparagus and salmon spring rolls

Makes 12 rolls

24 thick or 36 thin asparagus spears (about 2 pounds)

2  3- to 4-ounce packages smoked wild salmon

12  8-inch rice-paper wrappers

1 ripe avocado, cut into 24 slices

1 cup shredded carrot

½ cup chopped fresh basil

½ cup chopped fresh mint

Bring 1 inch of water to a boil in a large skillet. Trim asparagus spears no longer than 6 inches; add to the boiling water. Partially cover and cook the asparagus until tender-crisp, about 3 minutes. Drain; refresh under cold water. Cut each spear in half lengthwise. Cut salmon slices into 12 strips no longer than 6 inches each.

Soak one wrapper at a time in a shallow dish of very hot water until softened, about 30 seconds. Lift out, let excess water drip off and lay on a clean, dry cutting board.

Center a strip of smoked salmon in the bottom third of the wrapper, leaving a 1-inch border on either side. Arrange 4 thick (or 6 thin) asparagus halves (overlapping as necessary) over the salmon. Top the asparagus spear halves with 2 avocado slices, 1 tablespoon carrot, and about 2 teaspoons each basil and mint. Fold the wrapper over the filling and roll into a tight cylinder, folding in the sides as you go. Repeat with the remaining wrappers and filling. Cut each finished roll in half.

Thai Vinaigrette

Adapted from Williams-Sonoma Essentials of Healthful Cooking, p. 93

Makes about ¾ cup

6 tablespoons Thai fish sauce

6 tablespoons fresh lime juice

2 tablespoons sugar

2-3 teaspoons minced fresh hot chiles with seeds [I use jalapenos]

In a small bowl, stir together the fish sauce, lime juice, sugar and chiles until blended. Serve alongside spring rolls.